Nepal Rebuilding After Earthquake
The earthquake that devastated communities in central Nepal on April 25, 2016, not only turned Kumari Gurung’s home in Hansapur to rubble, but destroyed her business too.
“I had a hotel with 22 beds. It was large and beautiful,” she says. “When the earthquake happened, it fully collapsed. My small granddaughter was trapped, and we couldn’t get to her until my son came to dig her out.”
Her granddaughter and the entire family survived, although thousands of other families in the region still mourn their loved ones. Along with the staggering loss of life, the earthquake destroyed 500,000 homes and businesses.
The aftershock of coping with how to cook rice when all of the kitchen utensils were crushed, and cobbling together a shelter, and wondering when help would come, eventually gave way to thoughts about the longer term.
She had depended on the hotel for 14 years. Now everything was precarious. But Catholic Relief Services was there to help her with both immediate relief and rebuilding her business.
“With the money provided by CRS, and with some money of my own that I added, I made this temporary hotel that we are sleeping in now,” Kumari says. “CRS also gave us two bundles of [corrugated iron] sheets during the cash-for-shelter program. I added to that by selling two buffalo. Now this hotel has eight rooms. We all sleep in one room, and the remaining seven are for guests of our hotel.”
Kumari, her son and daughter-in-law rent these plywood and metal-sheet rooms for a little less than $2 a night. Although they also earn income from selling home-cooked meals and snacks, and from Kumari’s knitting and weaving, the Gurungs still don’t have enough income to build a permanent hotel.
And the family still owes money on the loan they took out to construct their hotel that was destroyed in the earthquake. They have borrowed as much as possible using family jewelry as collateral, but they need more cash to rebuild.
Rebuilding a vital market
It’s the same for many of the business owners in the market of Hansapur, a trading enclave tucked in the foothills of Mount Manaslu, more than 26,000 feet high, in the Himalayas. Although the town is small, it’s the heart of trade and resources for the smaller villages connected to Hansapur by bumpy dirt roads and footpaths. Business is back, especially for families who trade in construction materials, but it’s slow. Many families have not been able to begin construction on permanent homes. Kumari estimates it will take another 5 years for the market to reach its pre-earthquake level of economic activity.
“In the first weeks and months after the earthquake, we knew how critical it was to get central markets operating again,” says Lorraine Bramwell, CRS country representative for Nepal. “Here in Hansapur, we are 5 hours away from the main market in Gorkha. So if this market did not quickly recover, it wouldn’t be only the shop owners who would suffer, but also the communities living in surrounding rural areas who depend on this market, and who would otherwise have to travel for days to get any goods or supplies. By helping vendors reopen their shops and get back to business, we could then provide cash to families to purchase what they needed the most—quickly. Providing cash, rather than distributing items, also saved tremendous time in this remote topography—easing the logistics of distributing to small groupings of families in tiny communities. This way, people could start to recover much more quickly.”
Back in business
Even though their business is slower than before the earthquake, Kumari has big plans for building a new permanent hotel. She is facing strong competition from many other families who built extra rooms into their shelters to rent to travelers. But with years of experience in hotel management she says she has the key ingredient for attracting business: careful attention to hospitality.
“I laugh and talk with my guests. I call them to stay and welcome them. I provide tea and good meals,” she says. “I’m frank and open with them and talk as I have time. That’s how I get repeat customers.”
As she has gotten older, Kumari has turned over most of the hotel operations to her son Mohan and his wife, Bindhu. Kumari focuses on work that lets her sit more often, like cooking sweets and weaving bags and knitting clothes to sell. Their income is enough to keep the family fed and the children in school—and to keep her hopes alive for rebuilding the family’s assets for the next generation.
“I have provided this hotel business to my son and daughter-in-law. If they can do better with the business I will be happy. If they have more income and can provide for my grandchildren’s study, I will be full of joy. If funds come, we will build another big, beautiful hotel. I don’t know when that money will come, but my son will do a good job with the business.”