wwll refugees

Faces of History

Photo courtesy of Julek Plowy

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Migrant Crisis Today Draws Comparison to 1943


In 1943, 1,500 Polish refugees escaped the horrors of the Russian labor camps.

“It was life or death every day,” says Julek Plowy, then a young boy who made an arduous journey by sea and rail with his mother and sister. His father died along the way. “We survived despite starvation and hard work.”

Their destination was Santa Rosa, an abandoned hacienda in Léon, Mexico, where the refugees were resettled as part of the first project for Catholic Relief Services. For the next 4 years, Santa Rosa became a haven from the violence they had fled. There, with the help of a group of Felician Sisters from Chicago, Julek and the others recovered their health and rebuilt their lives.


touring former refugee settlement

Julek Plowy and Cecilia Suarez, head of office for Catholic Relief Services in Mexico, tour the grounds of what was once Colonia Santa Rosa, where Julek and 1,500 Polish refugees were settled by CRS during World War II.

Photo by David Snyder/CRS


Seventy-five years later, the refugees in Mexico have new faces. Unprecedented levels of gang violence in countries like Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador have forced hundreds of thousands of Central Americans to flee. While many seek refuge in the United States, most end up applying for asylum in Mexico, unable to return home for fear of violence.

“These people are fleeing their homes because they cannot live there anymore,” says Cecilia Suarez, head of office for Catholic Relief Services in Mexico. “I think they are coming here with one only wish—to survive.”

Mexico refugee shelter

The CAFEMIN shelter in Mexico City is one of about 60 migrant shelters Catholic Relief Services supports in Mexico. Photo by David Snyder/CRS

To help, Catholic Relief Services is supporting more than 100,000 migrants through a network of about 60 shelters across Mexico. Through these shelters, run by the Catholic Church, migrants can access showers, food, accommodation and legal support. Many families are broken, having lost loved ones to violence. All face hardship and uncertainty.

For Bishop Alfonso Miranda, Bishop of Monterrey and the General Secretary for the Mexican Bishops Conference, the migrant crisis in Mexico requires a new perspective. A student of the history of Santa Rosa, when Mexico opened its doors to Polish refugees, Bishop Miranda says the violence that has driven today’s migrants from their homes is no different than that faced by Julek Plowy and his family. What has changed, he says, is the global perception towards refugees themselves.

“Today, in this universal problem of the refugees, we need to think differently,” Bishop Miranda says. “We need to open our hearts, to change our mind and to offer shelters, offer solutions to live, offer opportunities for these poor people because tomorrow, they could change the world.”


former refugee settlement

The soccer field of the Don Bosco "City of Children" center in Leon, Mexico, as it appeared in the mid-1940's. The field was then a vegetable garden, cared for by the Polish refugees resettled here by War Relief Services, later named Catholic Relief Services.

Photo courtesy of Julek Plowy


As migrants continue to flee Central America, Catholic Relief Services is reaching out especially to youth in those countries to address gang violence and build vocational opportunities. In Mexico, Catholic Relief Services is helping educate temporary farm workers, many of them migrants, about their rights — providing legal representation and supporting workers’ movements to improve wages and working conditions.

For Cecilia Suarez, who sees firsthand the plight of the migrants through her work each day, their goals are no different than those faced by Julek Plowy, or any other refugee.

“Almost all of them dream to be able to go back to their countries,” says Suarez.  “The plan is to be able to have a life with dignity, to allow their children to go to school, and to have a decent and peaceful life.”


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