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Manuals | July 10, 2002

Seed Vouchers and Fairs

A Manual for Seed-Based Agricultural Recovery in Africa

This manual describes an approach to postemergency seed distribution in Africa in which farmers receive vouchers that can be exchanged for seed at specially organized seed fairs. The fairs rely on commercial seed firms, as well as local seed producers and traders. This approach allows farmers to choose what crop varieties they want, and in what quantities.

The manual provides an overview of seed systems and their components. It describes how to plan and implement the seed voucher/seed fair approach. The examples are from southern Sudan, but the approach can be adapted to other disaster-affected areas as well.


  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1. What is a Disaster?
  • 2. Understanding the Agricultural System
  • 3. Seed Systems
  • 4. Describing the Impact of the Disaster
  • 5. Introduction to Planning and Implementing a Seed Fair
  • 6. Using the Seed Fair Methodology
  • 7. Conducting a Seed Fair
  • 8. Constraints and Challenges
  • Appendices: Forms Useful in Planning and Monitoring a Seed Fair