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Journal article | December 16, 2022

Prevalence and correlates of maternal early stimulation behaviors during pregnancy in northern Ghana

A cross-sectional survey

Per UNICEF’s Nurturing Care Framework, early childhood development (ECD) begins during pregnancy and many lower-resource settings need data to inform their programs for optimal child development. The maternal-fetal relationship can be partly examined via a series of bonding activities called early stimulation behaviors (ESB). This study describes early stimulation behaviors and the associated correlates among pregnant women in Ghana.