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Manuals | August 6, 2015

How-To Guide

Preparing Teachers for Inclusive Education

Inclusive education has been internationally recognized as a philosophy for attaining equity, justice and quality education for all children, especially those who have been traditionally excluded from mainstream education for reasons of disability, ethnicity, gender or other characteristics. While inclusive education has been implemented successfully in many countries, other countries are still in the process of achieving this goal.

This guide is the second produced by CRS in Vietnam. The first guide, Inclusive Education for Children with Disabilities, provides background and a more general introduction to inclusive education. This guide aims to help CRS and partner education programs prepare teachers to implement successful models of inclusive education at the school level. It builds upon the previous publication while focusing on issues relating to teacher training and human resource development. Though the Vietnamese experience may not be universally applicable in all country contexts, the examples may serve as a reference of core themes that can be tailored to suit individual country needs.


  • Letter from CRS Education Technical Advisors

  • Letter from CRS Vietnam Country Representative

  • 1. Introduction: What Is This Guide About and Who Is This Guide For?

  • 2. Inclusive Education in Developing Countries

  • 3. Three Essential Components for Capacity Building in Inclusive Education

  • 4. Pre-service Approaches: Working with Teacher Training Institutions

  • 5. In-Service Approaches: School-Based Teacher Training

  • 6. Inclusive Education as Systemic Change

  • 7. Applying Lessons Learned: Inclusive Education in Laos

  • 8. Summary