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Manuals | October 25, 2017

Facilitating Community-Led Disaster Risk Management

This guide builds on previous manuals produced by CRS and CAFOD, adding new sections on how to strengthen community leadership and participation mechanisms, and how to integrate climate change adaptation. 

PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNITY-LED DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT

Principle 1: Inclusion of all social groups in the community

Principle 2: Leadership by the community

Principle 3: Promotion of accountability by all involved

Communityled disaster risk management in practice

Bangladesh: Inclusion of all community members in DRM cash‑for‑work activities

Bangladesh: Setting up the participation mechanism through clusters in a diverse community

Vietnam: Accountable government in early warning and evacuation for storms and floods

Solomon Islands: Child‑centered disaster risk management through songs and games

 

STAGE 1: ENGAGE

What you should know

Deciding which community to work with

Deciding when to start CLDRM activities

How to facilitate the process of engaging the community and all stakeholders

Process 1: Build inclusive foundations for community-led disaster risk management

Process 2: Reach out for buy‑in

Communityled disaster risk management in practice

The Philippines: Reaching out for support from a local association to reduce flooding

West Timor: Joint ventures in reforestation to reduce disaster and climate risk

Guatemala: Engaging key stakeholders to increase agricultural sustainability

 

STAGE 2: ASSESS RISK

What you should know

How to facilitate community-led risk assessment

Process 3: Understand cycles and trends

Process 4: Understand our past, present and future

Process 5: Understand the geography of risk

Process 6: Prioritize community challenges

Communityled disaster risk management in practice

The Philippines: Using technology to understand the geographic dimensions of urban risks

Gaza: Seeing hazards and vulnerability from the community’s perspective

Myanmar: Reducing illness by understanding and responding to flood trends

Afghanistan: Prioritizing migration challenges through transparent voting

 

STAGE 3: DEVELOP AND TRACK AN ACTION PLAN

What you should know

How to facilitate community-led planning

Process 7: Deepen understanding of challenges

Process 8: Agree on solutions

Process 9: Develop a community‑led disaster risk management action plan

Process 10: Track progress to learn

Communityled disaster risk management in practice

Ethiopia: Deepening understanding of drought challenges

Mali: Deepening understanding of urban disaster risk reduction to counter flood risk

Haiti: Seeking community consensus on solutions to flash flooding

India: Persistently advocating for government support for piped water

Niger: Collaborative approaches to food insecurity and drought challenges

 

RESOURCES

Resource A: Overview of all stages and processes in this guide

Resource B: Recruitment and induction of CLDRM facilitators

Resource C: Good practices in CLDRM facilitation

Resource D: How the exclusion or inclusion of frequently marginalized social groups affects disaster risk

Resource E: Putting principles into practice: Facilitation checklist

Resource F: Deciding where to work

Resource G: How to introduce your organization

Resource H: Roles, responsibilities and conduct agreement

Resource I: Techniques to encourage deeper responses to questions

Resource J: Deepening understanding of disaster risk management arrangements and solutions

Resource K: Deepening understanding of livelihoods issues and solutions

Resource L: Deepening understanding of water, sanitation and hygiene issues and solutions

Resource M: Deepening understanding of housing and shelter issues and solutions

Resource N: Deepening understanding of natural resource management issues and solutions

Resource O: Example community-based disaster risk management plan

Resource P: Example household‑level disaster risk management action plan and monitoring table

Resource Q: Example participatory monitoring table

Resource R: Pocket chart voting

Resource S: Reference documents