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Case Studies | February 9, 2018

To Consume or to Sell

A Mixed-Methods Study on Household Utilization of Home Garden Produce in Huhanga and Karongi Districts in Rwanda

The purpose of this study is to inform CRS/Rwanda on ways that beneficiaries use home garden produce to promote household nutrition. Specifically, the objectives of this study are to better understand:

  • The decision by households to consume or sell home garden produce in ways that contribute, or do not contribute, to reinforcing nutrition pathways; and
  • The purchasing patterns stemming from the income earned from the sale of home garden produce and the extent to which these choices reinforce nutrition pathways.
  • ​EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • ACRONYMS
  • LIST OF FIGURES
  • BACKGROUND
    • Introduction and Rationale
    • Program Context
      • EKN Program Overview
    • Motivation for Study
      • Gaps in Understanding the Consume-Sell Decision
    • Guiding Questions for Analysis
      • To Consume or to Sell?
    • Design
    • Ethical Considerations
    • Limitations
  • HOUSEHOLD-LEVEL NUTRITION DECISIONS
    • Crop Selection
    • Consumption Frequency
    • Dietary Variety
    • Complementary Foods
    • Livestock
    • Taste
    • Adoption of Bio-Intensive Agriculture Techniques
    • Insufficient Production
      • Seasonal Variation
  • ECONOMIC PRIORITIES AND OPPORTUNITIES
    • Culture of Saving
    • Reduction in Food Expenditures
      • Post-Harvest Handling
    • Sale of Home Garden Produce
    • Income Utilization
    • Investment in Growth
  • DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    • Finding 1: Home garden produce is primarily consumed at the household level
      • Recommendation: Continue nutrition education behavior change activities
      • Recommendation: Improve post-harvest handling
    • Finding 2: Home gardening, particularly the surplus, is a source of income
      • Recommendation: Increase training on agricultural productivity and BIATs
      • Recommendation: Support agriculture and business planning activities
      • Recommendation: Develop local market demand for nutritious produce
  • CONCLUSION
  • APPENDICES
    • Terms of Reference
    • Household Survey Questionnaire
    • Focus Group Discussion Guide: FFLS Participants
    • KII Guide: Local Partner Project Staff/Local Authorities