CRS in Vietnam
In the last 15 years, Vietnam has seen rapid economic growth, resulting in many positive changes, but also creating challenges. The country’s transformation to a middle income country is threatened by the widening disparity between rich and poor, environmental degradation, climate related risks, limited access to health and social services by the vulnerable population, poor governance, lack of corporate social engagements, as well as other societal problems such as human trafficking and HIV/AIDS. Catholic Relief Services works with many partners to meet emerging needs and ensure that all citizens benefit from Vietnam's recent economic growth and development. Much of CRS’ work centers around education — especially for those with disabilities — strengthening civil society for social inclusion of persons with disabilities, landmine risk education, assistance to landmine survivors, and disaster recovery and risk reduction.
People Served: 223,135 (FY 2014: 55,092 direct; 168,043 indirect)
Population: 93,421,835 (July 2014 est.)
Size: 127,243 sq mi; equivalent in size to Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee combined
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CRS' History in Vietnam
Catholic Relief Services has worked in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam since 1992 and has had an office in Hanoi since 1994. CRS works in partnership with government counterparts, as well as other community organizations, to build their capacity to transform the lives of the poor through effective programming. We use evidence-based approaches to achieve maximum impact, good stewardship of resources, and transparency and accountability to beneficiaries and stakeholders.
CRS has helped more than 6,500 children with disabilities access educational and health services. In provinces where CRS worked, the enrollment rate for children with disabilities is between 60-70%, well above the national average. CRS has developed, and the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) has endorsed, a number of pre-service and in-service teacher training curricula and materials on inclusive education. These materials are used in approximately 9,000 preschools, 15,000 primary schools and in teacher training universities/colleges nationwide.
Since 2007, CRS and MOET developed the Information Technology Training Program (ITTP) for employment of youth with disabilities in IT and soft skills. More than 1,400 students with disabilities received vocational training in IT skills and more than 60% of those students were able to get jobs upon completion of this training.
CRS currently works with the Departments of Primary Education and Secondary Education of MOET and developed information and communication technology (ICT), including text-to-speech software, video lectures, a technical guide and a distance learning model for the students with disabilities. A Web-based distance learning (www.giaoduchoanhap.edu.vn) portal provides continuing education opportunities for children with severe disabilities or out of school children with disabilities.
In partnership with MOET and the National Institute of Education Science, CRS has contributed to a series of Vietnamese government legal documents that covered disability law.
Another project aims to strengthen civil society action and the voice of people with disabilities in local government policy dialogue and to promote social inclusion and empowerment of people with disabilities in their communities. CRS works with 16 provincial and district disabled persons organizations (DPOs) and 100 parent associations at district and community levels. More than 15,000 people with disabilities are currently participating in DPOs and 1,484 parents are engaged in social inclusion advocacy.
Vietnam has 3,440 kilometers of coastline and 70% of the country’s population is exposed to environmental hazards and natural disasters. The disaster-risk-reduction program builds upon CRS’ regional and global expertise in community-based disaster preparedness. CRS and local partners work to increase the resilience of disaster-prone central coastal communities to natural hazards by establishing natural protections like mangroves. CRS has supported 40 village task forces and provided thousands of pieces of early warning equipment while training teachers and children in community-based management planning.
In collaboration with Ministry Of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA), CRS was instrumental in piloting and establishing the Network Model (2008-2010), working with children affected or infected by HIV/AIDS. MOLISA recognized the Network Model as effective and successful and has included the model in the government’s National Plan of Action for Children (2011-2015).
For more than a decade, CRS has worked to reduce the risk of injury and death from unexploded ordinances/landmines in high-risk communities in Quang Tri, Quang Binh and Quang Nam provinces. CRS has developed a mine risk education curriculum for grades 1-5, now endorsed and widely used by the three provincial DOETs. CRS also has developed a Mine Risk Education Integration Guide and trained more than 55,000 children and 79,000 teachers, parents and community members on mine risk, contributing to declining mine casualties in areas selected for intervention. CRS and local partners provided direct assistance to 160 land mine survivors in these three provinces. In addition, CRS and local partners are working on an approach that will provide approximately 5,700 survivors of unexploded ordnance and landmines in Quang Binh and Quang Tri provinces access to medical care, rehabilitation, social and livelihood support services.