Release date
September 19, 2009
Robyn Fieser
Regional Information Officer, Latin America and the Caribbean
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
011 (809) 567-1271

Guatemalans Make A Future By Saving for It

September 19, 2009, —

By Robyn Fieser

They came from

as far away as the border with Mexico—one leaving home at 2 a.m.

In Their Own Words

The following is

what four members of the group have to say, in their own words, about Fortaleza's


Isabel Marcos Matias

"I'm saving

my money to build a well. Right now I have to haul water from way off, which

makes life—washing clothes, cooking—hard. I'm tired of carrying water, I want a

well. I think if I can save my money, I can finally build my well," says Isabel

Marcos Matias, who deposited 10 quetzales today. Photo by Robyn Fieser/CRS

Paula Huinac

"I have two

grandchildren to care for and need to save for their futures," says Paula

Huinac, who deposited 10 quetzales today. Huinac and her husband grow corn on

the small plot of land they rent, but it is never enough. Photo by Robyn Fieser/CRS

Delfino Ramirez Merida

"I want for

things to be sane again. Now that I have my sickness under control, I want my

sanity back. I heard a talk about the importance of saving and I wanted to do

it," says Delfino Ramirez Merida, who deposited 10 quetzales today. Photo by Robyn Fieser/CRS

Alicia Lopez Gomez

"Right now,

I'm living for my son. I need to make sure that we have something for an

unforeseen sickness when one of us cannot work," says Alicia Lopez Gomez,

who could not make a deposit today. Photo by Robyn Fieser/CRS

There's a young

woman in a red halter top, hair down her back, rushing in with two toddlers in

white dresses clutched to her sides; an old man, his straw cowboy hat held in

his lap, taking his seat in the corner; three women in worn housedresses and

plastic flip-flops—it's impossible to tell their ages—giggling in their plastic

chairs along the wall.

A pot of pache,

Guatemalan potato tamale, boils on a nearby stovetop, filling the room with the

promise of a meal, maybe the day's only, before the long trek home.

'I Want to Live'

They meet twice

a month in this square room on the second floor of an HIV and AIDS facility on

the main street of Coatepeque, a dingy little town in western Guatemala. They're

a diverse group. But they have two things in common: They all have HIV and they

are all poor.

Twenty people in

all, farmers, housewives, market vendors. But it's not the virus or their

economic condition that brings them together. They call themselves Fortaleza,

or Strength, and you can just as easily apply the name to their resolve.

"More than

anything, I want to live," says Catalina Gomez. "I want God to keep

giving me life." The others say the same thing, like a mantra, or the

group's slogan.

'The Habit of Saving'

In Guatemala,

where people with HIV lack access to health care and treatments, and face widespread

discrimination, the group is helping its members not only live, but thrive.

The group is a

prime example of Catholic Relief Services' savings-led model of microfinance. Members

contribute what they can. The contributions are then pooled into a community

fund—kept in a lockbox—and saved until a member needs to take a loan, or an

emergency arises, or the group decides it wants to buy something.


people a mechanism through which to save helps more than offering them credit,

which is a debt they have to repay," explains Melita Sawyer, program

specialist in microfinance for CRS. "It doesn't matter what the amount is

that people save, it is the habit of saving—of accomplishing something—that

gives people hope and allows them to plan for the future."

Empty Purses—Almost

In Coatepeque, they

show up with canvas purses slung over their shoulders, empty save for what they're

going to contribute—sometimes as little as 3 quetzales (about 37 cents)—and a

deposit card, which is stamped for each contribution and shows how much they've

put into the fund.

Since March

2009, the group has saved about $209. It may sound like a pittance, but this is

a country where many people live on less than $2 a day.


At meeting's

end, the group is treated to something special: A skit put on by local students

who use theater to educate the public about HIV and AIDS.

The members of

Fortaleza happily drag their plastic lawn chairs into a semicircle. Even the

center's two Chihuahua mascots watch as the teens, clad in skinny jeans and T-shirts,

nervously put on their show.

It is a dramatization

of transformation—from ignorance about HIV and AIDS to acceptance. When the character

with HIV drops to the floor, pleading for love, I blush, embarrassed for the

group of unsophisticated actors.

But then I look

around the room. Members of the audience nod their heads in unison. The elderly

woman next to me repeats, prayerlike, "That is just what it's like when

your own family rejects you." Then she pulls out a kitchen towel and wipes

her eyes. She is not the only one in the room brought to tears by the


My own ignorance

hits me hard right then. I guess I totally underestimate how hard it

must to be to live with HIV in this country—how isolated and ostracized they

must feel. And they don't have access to those uplifting movies and ads we have

in the United States. They don't see themselves in anything, so this little bit

of drama is a real point of inspiration for them.

Robyn Fieser is CRS' regional information officer for Latin America and the Caribbean based in Guatemala.

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